Pistol Hebel "Belgian"

The signal gun model Hebel M 1894 abroad.

Belgium and Holland.

Belgium adopts the principle of construction of the Hebel, making a remarkable difference. Indeed, the Belgians decided to exchange the hammer, hitherto equipped with a tip forming percussion, for a flat hammer, because their variant would be equipped with a percussion floating on the carcass.

If the origin of these weapons is not always indicated, some models are engraved “A. Francotte à Liège” or “Fabrique d’armes F. Delu & Co. Liège”.

The latter manufacturer was awarded a delivery order for Holland: in 1938, 250 Hebel pistols were delivered by the Liège arms manufacturer to Holland, where the weapon was put into service under the name Model 37.

Later, the Netherlands manufactured 1700 Hebel pistols in The Hague under the direction of the manufacturer “N.V. Instrumentenfabriek Waldorp.”

These pistols are recognisable by the marking “WALDORP HAAG HOLLAND” on the left side of the carcass. Identical to their Belgian competitors, the Dutch pistols are numbered on the right side of the casing and barrel.

On Belgian products of the manufacturer F. Delu, the serial number is located under the handle, next to the cap ring or on the right side of the carcass and barrel. Other Belgian specimens examined do not bear the manufacturer’s number or marking.

Belgium, too, had received Hebel pistols of German origin as a repair after 1918. They were reintegrated into the Belgian army. This explains the existence of German models marked with a Liege stamp.

The Hebel pistol was the most requisitioned weapon in 1914-18. Models with British or American markings bear witness to this even today.


Wolfgang Kern

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