Jacques François MARTIN

Revolver of Liège copied from revolver GASSER Austrian MONTENEGRIN. The weapon is with central percussion and box frame. The grooved cylinder is with 5 rooms; probably of calibre 12mm. The rifled bore is round with integrated front sight. The plates in bone are connected by a transverse screw and two rivet washers. The rod swivels on an axis while the loading is practiced by a side door dropping thanks to the action of an external spring.


The weapon carries the lawful punches of the proofhouse of Liege, namely:

ELG on star in a crowned oval: final acceptance post 1893.

O spangled: countermark of the controller post 1877.

R crowned: rifled bore, of use of 1894 to 1968.


L crowned: it is probably about the mark of the founder of cylinder of Herstal.

7033: serial number.

NI crowned: It is acted in fact of the monogram of NICOLAS (or NIKITA) Ier, king of Montenegro which was large amateur of this type of weapon.

JFM Bté: in any assumption it could be a question of MARTIN Jacques François arms manufacturer in LIEGE about 1884-85. It worked especially the revolvers and deposited 3 patents.

JT & C° - bored heart of an arrow SCH ..... MARKE: this mark is inspired by a mark of Léopold GASSER, SCHUTZMARKE means MARK DEPOSEE while the bored apple of an arrow of GASSER seems it replaced by a bored heart of the same arrow. (See the card of max FLIEGENSCHMIDT and its Montenegrin on the site)

In the final analysis, too many marks for only one weapon! That does not simplify the identification. The case was frequent for the copies of Liège of small quality. It as had to be prevented as the holder of the initial patent does not come to ask for accounts!

Appendix: page of catalogue A. MASEREEL presenting a similar weapon.