Charles-François and René Galand
Charles-François Galand is a French citizen (1832-1900) working in Liege, Rue Vivegnis, 296, then rue de la Loi, 7. Also active to Paris Street D' Hauteville, 13. Registered with the Bench of Test of Liege of 1869 to 1942 (in fact, although deceased in 1900, it remains registers until 1920. His son Rene will continue the activities until 1942. Prolific manufacturer of revolvers, civil and military, unhappy competitor of 1873 Chamelot-Delvigne. Especially known for its Galand revolver, also called Galand-Sommerville or Galand-Perrin, of the name of the cartridge with large pad used in a number of its revolvers. Also inventive out of famous Velodog (deposited on April 20, 1904 per Rene Galand), out of the Novo revolver and the revolver Tue-Tue.
The revolver Galand (Galand-Sommerville or Galand-Perrin) is a revolver with open framework and double action, patented since 1868; the principal characteristic is the lever, placed under the gun and the carcass, also acting as trigger guard. By actuating the aforementioned lever, the gun and the barrel move forwards; in the course of movement, the plate of the extractor is blocked while the barrel continues its race ahead: the casings thus retained by the plate of the extractor fall and can be replaced by news cartridges. The lever is then positioned back, so much the barrel which the gun go back to their place and arms is closed and locked. The weapon is called Galand-Perrin when it draws a Perrin cartouche with large pad, gauges of them 7,9 and especially 12mm. According to D. Casanova (Gazette des armes n°198), the first specimens are manufactured in Great Britain by the munitions factory of Birmingham which Braendlin and Sommerville direct. But as of October 1868, the mechanical manufacture of the revolver is also organized in Liege and meets a sharp success. Also in France where, in front of the imminence of a conflict with the German neighbor, numbers officers are allured by this new revolver, with central percussion and especially automatic extraction. The civil market will not remain indifferent since the revolver was also marketed there gauges 12 mm of them, the same gauge being used for Galand Sportman with removable stick skeleton, and in 9 mm, being also said "of belt" (but with ring of cap!). The Russian imperial Navy adopts the Galand revolver on March 12 1871 pennies name "gun revolver of boarding model 1870" (see Gazette des armes n° 101). It will be noted that if the number of ordered specimens is not specified, the revolver was manufactured not only by of course Galand, but also by N Vivario Plombeur, Warnant and Nagant, and by N.I. Goltiakoff in Toula in 1878. The Rumanian army also ordered Galand revolvers.
Let us return to France where Galand takes part, after the war of 1870-71, with the tests having to carry out to the adoption of a new weapon of fist, in fact a revolver. Galand thinks initially of a version improved of its model 1868, but as the Standing committee of shooting of Vincennes wants a weapon "homogeneous" (thus with closed framework), it is not more question of proposing an open framework weapon to him. Consequently, Galand establishes in 1872 (patents of February 28, June 24 and September 24 of this year) weapon of a very great simplicity and elegant, but more expensive than Chamelot-Delvigne which was finally to carry it. The Commission will also reproach Galand the too small door of loading and the push-buttons releasing the rod of ejection. There are two models (extremely rare) of this revolver, one confined for the ammunition Galand with large pad, the other for the 11 mm Chamelot-Delvigne. The civil version of this revolver known as of War success, although had not presented much with very neat completions and a special grip for the recharging of the 18 steel casings. Quite as rare is the second type of this revolver, with like principal differences a turntable rebounding and a screw to make the plate left unlosable. This second type even existed with two barrels, one for the 11 mm Galand, the other for the 11 mm Chamelot-Delvigne. After these failures on the military level, Galand will turn to the civil market and thus it will put on the market as of 1892/93 its revolver hamerless "TUE-TUE" with open framework which takes again the old system with side key. There is thus no door of loading, nor of rod of ejection, the ejection of the empty cases taking place if necessary via the axis of the barrel... This weapon will be manufactured until about 1935, primarily in the gauge 8 mm 1892 but as the 8 mm Tue-Tue or 8 mm NR for not-lawful (this cartridge being a little less long as the lawful 1892), in all its alternatives (see gazette des armes 210, 211 and 212). There will also exist in 32 S&W and in 7,65 ACP and in versions with apparent hammer, tallies closed and even tilting gun. Without speaking about the copies...
It seems that the famous revolver "Novo", by D.D. Oury, was inspired by the "Mignon" of Galand. There would exist in 22, 320 and especially 6,35. (see photo in the heading unknown Arms manufacturers); There are also specimens manufactured by A. Francotte (or at least signed). It is a revolver with opened framework, closing with side key, and especially, principal characteristic, a collapsible stick and digs, a foldable trigger and thus not of trigger guard. The obstruction out of pocket is minimum, but when it should be left and to use it... On certain versions, the hammer, although no apparent, exceeds slightly with an end knurled of a slit in the carcass in order to be able to arm it with the inch (a exercise certainly not very advisable in the action!).
Curious combination between vélocipède and dog, this weapon, designed by Galand, was originally sold for the defence of the calves of the cyclists of the end of the 19th century, it was before the League of the Protection of the Animals! With the origin, the ammunition of these revolvers, at the beginning similar to Novo but without foldable stick, with fixed trigger and trigger guards, was famous the cartouche of the same name in 5,5 mm, with a long case of 30 mm and a central percussion. Possibly charged with pepper! Thereafter, there was also with a foldable trigger, in 22 and 6,35.
Galand "Pistolet d'assaut"
Here a little running gun of shooting of gauge not specified, with external hammer and tilting barrel, derived from carbins and small rifles called system Leclerc(q), with side lever of opening and forearm, unusual on a pistol.
The consultation of the book of Guy Gadisseur “Arms manufacturers of Liège of catalogs 1892-1930”, page 153, makes me lean for a pistol of attack sold by house R. Galand around 1914 because 1° it has also a side lever 2° it has also a forearm 3° the shell of protection by gunner is fixed at the trigger guard; however, there is on the trigger guard of this pistol a part which is the fastener on which the screw of maintenance of the shell is screwed. (See photo united)
According to the catalog of the Galand house, the pistol was available in the gauges 8 mm lawful French (known as Lebel), 38 and 44 S&W, for the shooting either with real ball, or with inoffensive ball. It's a pity that the gauge is not specified. On markings either, alas.
This kind of pistoln was certainly not sold only by house R. Galand, but thus in particular by it.
Peron: inspection since 1853
EL: provisional test since 1852
L under star: countermark of the controller since 1877
Double B under star: countermark of the controller since 1877
R under crown: rifled bore between 1894 and 1968
ELG on star in crowned oval: acceptance between 1893 and 1968
JL and AE: not identified.
On sale at "MAGAZIN ROYAL"
Galand "De Guerre"
Here is another quite rare revolver, there is mention of it on your site, but I have never before seen a picture of one of these even less held one in my hand. I believe this is the one referred in the Galand section of your site (third paragraph) as the "second type" with the ability to open the left side-plate.
What was interesting is that when I first purchased the revolver and had no idea what it was I tried to open the loading gate on the right side and had the same experience as the French Commission that rejected the revolver, it was too small and too difficult to get my fingers around for opening (which I finally did with some difficulty). Also this revolver was originally engraved, the engraving now quite diminished by the overall surface pitting.
Is this considered a Galand 1872 Ordinance Revolver (Galand de Guerre), Second Type? or is there another designation for this particular revolver?
There is a mark on the lower part of the recoil shield on the left side that is somewhat clear, but I cannot make it out (photo L).
Would the marks of J or AD on the frame have any significance or would they just be shop marks?
Approximately what year would this have been manufactured?
Would the crown over N on the right of the barrel be a Belgian mark? In that case, did Galand have this revolver manufactured in Belgium? I could find no Liege proof.
Here is my information:
French Galand Model 1872 Ordinance Revolver (Galand de Guerre) Second Type?
Caliber: 12mm Galand thick rim
Serial Nº: 110 (the number 26 is stamped on several parts, evidently an assembly number)
Dimensions: barrel 5-11/16 inches (144mm), overall length 10-5/8 inches (270mm)
Mechanical details: this does use the Galand lock, similar to the Austrian Model 1898 Revolver, but there are three! springs in the mechanism. This revolver has the ingenious system of a turning lever on the lower front of the grip that locks into two positions; one for keeping the revolver closed, the other for removing first the grip assembly then the left side plate. On the left of the frame is a spring-loaded push lever that allows the center post to be removed. The extraction assembly looks like the Chamelot-Delvigne system to me, but perhaps it is also a Galand invention.
on the left of the action: 110
on several parts: 26
on the left side of the recoil plate: a deep stamp with perhaps an L or G?
on the right of the barrel: crown/N (looks like the Belgian 1853-1877 inspection mark)
on the left of the frame under the grip: J
on the right of the frame under the grip: AD
You describe perfectly your weapon which is a revolver of war GALAND, models long, in civil version, I will thus not return there.
Only the punch N crowned (of use of 1853 to 1877) appears on this weapon, it acts of the countermark of a controller of the proofhouse of LIEGE what indicates with certainty the origin of the weapon. The second lawful punch of Liège was an oval containing letters ELG on star (1846/1893). It probably disappeared under rust.
Date of manufacture:
This punch indicates a manufacture between 1872 (date of the patent) and 1877 (expiry of the punch)
According to TAYLERSON, Charles François GALAND was an arms manufacturer of Liège. We think it French for our part. It is deceased in 1900 and was replaced with the businesses by his son Rene GALAND. To how will see it you on the heading of letter attached, it had activities in PARIS, LIEGE and BIRMINGHAM! It had a workshop street Vivegnis n° 242 and 288 then rue de la Loi n° 7 in Liege.
The figure: 26 on several parts is most probably a serial number.
I don’t have any assumption for figure 110.
With regard to initial AD and J, they are with my direction marks subcontractors. They were very numerous in Liege and were unfortunately never indexed.
a) Heading of a letter GALAND
b) Cover of a catalogue Rene GALAND in LIEGE.
c) technical drawing of the revolver of war.
d) drawing of the grip invented by Galand.
Here another specimen of my collection of “baby” (all gauges 320 except this Galand of them which shoot the rare 7mm Galand with large pad)
Galand to key
Galand "to extraction"
Revolver "SPORTSMAN", Galand system with stick of shoulder articulated.
By addition of a collapsible grip, Charles-François Galand, transforms his revolver 1868 with automatic extractor "Models frame" out of weapon intended for hunting for big game.
It acts here of a revolver with barrel and cylinder slipping, with "Automatic" extractor by ring, with rebounding hammer, 6 shots, calibres 450, barrel (long) octagonal striped, nickelled.
Marking Galand Paris - manufacture of Liège (ELG on star in an oval)
Collection of the Museum of Weapons of Liege (which I thank)
Galand Sommerville with short lever
Galand "Le Novo"
Many thanks to Douglas for the nice pictures.
Cal. 8mm Lebel, barrel 2 inches, overall length 5 3/4 inches
It acts of a revolver GALAND in 8mm TUE-TUE which was a trade mark by Charles François GALAND street Vivegnis, 288 in Liege, the 02.10.1893.
This weapon was also manufactured in 32 S&W and 7,65. It was finally presented with barrel falling for the star extraction.
It carries the punches of the proof tests of Liege, that is to say :
Spangled ELG in a crowned oval: acceptance - use of 1893 to 1968.
J spangled: countermark of the controller - of use of 1877 until todays.
R crowned: rifled bore - use of 1894 to 1968.
L crowned: this punch poses an insoluble problem of identification for the moment. Research is in hand because this punch is met on various revolvers of the time.
Another TUE TUE
This guy of Charles François GALAND really tested all the systems with his TUE-TUE.
After the traditional loading by door then by cylinder falling, here a TUE-TUE with crack has who’s I was unaware of the existence (let us remain modest).
I examined two catalogs GALAND without meeting the weapon as mentioned??
Technicals details of Galand
Small frame Galand revolver with original fitted purse.
The barrel and cylinder assembly can be taken away from the standing breech by turning the lever located on the right side of the frame by 180 degree. Folding trigger. Non-fluted cylinder. Left side of the barrel housing displays following markings, "Galand Fabt".
Galand M.1872 military revolver
(Romanian M.1874?). Blue finish. Military or police issue markings are stamped on the right side of the frame, "24". The same number is stamped on the hilt, next to the lanyard ring. Left side of the grip displays soldier's initials, "VL". Very interesting design! The barrel and cylinder assembly slides longitudinally away from the standing breech as the actuating lever (which forms the trigger guard) is pulled downward. Non-fluted cylinder. Right side of the barrel displays following markings, "Crown over R" and "Star over P". The latter mark is also stamped on the right side of the frame and on the cylinder.
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This is a late production medium frame Galand revolver. The revolver swing out cylinder system resembles French M.1892 service revolver. Blue finish. Five round, fluted cylinder. The left side of the frame displays company name, "GALAND". Right side of the barrel displays following markings, "Rampant Lion over PV", "Crown over R" and "Star over K". The latter marks are also stamped on the right side of the frame and on the cylinder. Charles Francois Galand was a Frenchman, but most of his revolvers were manufactured in Belgium. House of Liege proof on the cylinder. No provision for the lanyard ring. Barrel length: 3 inch.
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Galand revolver with original fitted purse. Left side of the barrel housing displays following markings, "Galand Fabt". House of Liege proof on the cylinder. Barrel length: 3 inch. Beautiful ebony grips with diamond checkering. The cylinder displays a caliber designation, "320".
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